This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
Global, regional, and country‐level estimates of hepatitis C infection among people who have recently injected drugs
Globally, 39.2% of people with recent injecting drug use have hepatitis C virus (HCV) and 8.5% of all HCV infections occur among people with recent injecting drug use. There is wide variation among countries and regions.
Longitudinal associations between food insecurity and substance use in a cohort of women with or at risk for HIV in the United States
Food insecurity appears to be longitudinally associated with substance use among US women with or at risk for HIV.
Indexing the ‘dark side of addiction’: substance‐induced affective symptoms and alcohol use disorders
Affective symptoms are common in severe alcohol use disorders; are associated with a history of independent affective/anxiety disorders, neuroticism and suicidal behaviors; and may promote further heavy drinking.
One size does not fit all—evolution of opioid agonist treatments in a naturalistic setting over 23 years
Based on data from Zurich, Switzerland from 1992 to 2015, there is no evidence for an excessive demand for a single medication in a naturalistic and liberal opioid agonist treatment setting.
Price elasticity of illegal versus legal cannabis: a behavioral economic substitutability analysis
Cannabis price policies that include somewhat higher consumer costs for legal cannabis relative to contraband aren’t likely to expand the illegal market.
Gambling despite financial loss—the role of losses disguised as wins in multi‐line slots
Multi‐line slot machines contain outcomes in which one gains less than the original wager (losses disguised as wins or LDWs). Moderate proportions of LDWs appear to make higher‐risk players gamble longer despite financial loss.
Naloxone distribution and possession following a large‐scale naloxone programme
A large‐scale naloxone programme in 7 Norwegian cities with a cumulative distribution rate of 495 per 100 000 population showed good saturation in a sample of high‐risk individuals.
Alcohol consumption and all‐cause mortality in older adults in Spain: an analysis accounting for the main methodological issues
Light‐to‐moderate drinking among people in Spain over 60 appears to have no benefit on mortality compared with abstention from alcohol.
Profiles of recovery from alcohol use disorder at three years following treatment: can the definition of recovery be extended to include high functioning heavy drinkers?
Occasional heavy drinkers following treatment for alcohol use disorder appear to be similar to alcohol abstainers with respect to functioning and life satisfaction.
Parental alcohol use disorder and offspring marital outcomes
In Sweden, parental alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with higher probability of marriage at younger ages, lower probability of marriage at older ages, and higher likelihood of marriage to an AUD-affected spouse compared with no parental AUD.
Effects of a federal housing voucher experiment on adolescent binge drinking: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial
A housing subsidy treatment that enables low‐income families to move from public to private housing appears to lessen girls’ binge drinking but increases boys’ binge drinking, compared with controls.
Which individual, social and environmental influences shape key phases in the amphetamine type stimulant use trajectory? A systematic narrative review and thematic synthesis of the qualitative literature
Amphetamine‐type stimulant users’ drug use careers are shaped by a complex dynamic of individual, social and environmental factors and need tailored, joined‐up interventions.